The wave of shocking anti-Semitic actions on Alice that desecrated Westhofen's Jewish cemetery is an expression of a region that is deeply celebrated in the age-old tradition of welcoming but sometimes rejecting Judaism. according to researchers.
And in this "complicated" story, of course, there is the insufficient memory of hatred inherited from Nazi occupation, they explained to AFP.
"The rise of anti-Semitic activity has been a trend in recent years," says Bas-Rhin Prefecture.
In this section and since the beginning of the year there have been 37 "anti-Jewish, racist or anti-immigration incidents" – four times more than in 2015. Nine out of ten of these actions were anti-Semitic this year.
Among them, three denominations of Jewish cemeteries, from December 2018 to December 2019, in Herlisheim, Kwatsenheim and Westphene. Already in 2015, the boys were raped by 250 stars from the Sarre-Union cemetery.
Dozens of anti-Semitic and / or anti-immigration graffiti have also been reported in recent months on public buildings.
It is obvious that Alsace is far from anti-Semitism, which is growing nationally (+ 74% of anti-Semitic activities in 2018, according to the Interior Ministry). But the discovery of hundreds of star vitamins found in Westhofen on Tuesday raises questions.
– Ideological Mapping –
"Who would dare to claim that Alsace has no problem with anti-Semitism," asks Michelle Deneken, president of the University of Strasbourg.
The "problem", which can be explained by the "complicated and contradictory" history of one region, "welcoming" Jews in harmony with the Jews and "excluding" others for a time, explains sociologist Freddie Raphael.
"Of all the regions of France, Alsace is the one where the" presence of the Jews "is the oldest", as evidenced by the important Jewish community in Strasbourg, George Bischoff notes today in Unistra.
Often rural anchors, synagogues and cemeteries were displayed in the countryside, and their "visibility" was much more important than elsewhere, continues political scientist Richard Kleinschmager.
Jewish cemeteries, often "isolated", are a prime target for those with a "racist or anti-Semitic approach," he said.
The Alissas 1940-1945 and the Reich's annexation of the Moselle neighborhood by the Third Reich pushed the region into a "very strong ideological hippie," according to Bishof.
He has been “subjected to Nazi propaganda for five years,” a highly violent propaganda that “leaves traces”, according to Strasbourg contemporary history professor Audrey Kichelevski.
Like any other place, the Alsatian Jews were persecuted and annihilated. Returning survivors of the Holocaust after the war was "difficult," he says. Some found it difficult to "recover property" from neighbors who were convinced they would not return.
– "Silence" –
Perhaps he also missed the "real thing of memory" during this time period, says Mr Bischoff. "The Alsatians considered it, and it was not wrong, they were just victims." "By doing so," we have evicted many things. "
Freddie Rafael also points to "purely sacrificial talk" after the war. "There wasn't much memory and history (…)," a "latent factor" that could explain persistence in anti-epidemic theses.
"Those who are concerned with this ideology (…) are more young people," Bishoff says. According to Bas-Rhin Prefecture Jean-Luc Marx, investigators are on a "well-integrated small group", embracing the "Nazi ideology and anti-Jewish" path.
Richard Kleinshmager rejects Alsace's version of "anti-epidemic substrate". “Nothing special in the social, religious or political life of the region can confirm that.
But for Freddie Rafael, the "most troubling" is "the silence, the way in which that part (of the population) gives back, is afraid to interfere." Words reflecting the president of the Israeli Baghramian Basin Rhine, Maurice Dahan, who called on Wednesday "people who know something" to talk to gendarmes.
Alsace still has solutions to counter hate, in particular the image of "inter-religious dialogue" developed in the region, admits to Mr. Rafael. “We have to pay for life and hospitality. They will not have our hatred.
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